There is also usually a clause that obliges the trader to bear the risk and cost of bringing the cargo to the ship and picking it up upon delivery. Another clause states that the master must sign bills of lading for the cargo, either at the same rate payable under the charter or generally at any freight rate (provided that if the total freight contract is less than the total cargo total payable under the charterer, the charterers pay the difference to the master before the ship expires). There is usually the so-called cease clause, according to which the charterer`s liability under the charterer ends with the shipment of the cargo, where by which the shipowner assumes a lien over the cargo for freight, dead freight and sleeper wagons. The charter party is subject to exceptions similar to those of the notes of knowledge. Typically, other clauses provide for commissions paid to brokers when the charter party signs, the address commission paid to the ship`s agents at the port of discharge and other details.  The clauses of the charter parties vary, but the above describes what is typical. These legal norms, whether customary law or legal law, which govern the obligations of carriers of goods by sea, are of paramount importance in cases where delivery is available without written agreement. It is therefore appropriate to consider the first such cases in which no express oral or written agreement is concluded, except with regard to the cargo and destination of the goods, and where, therefore, the rights and obligations of the parties with regard to all other conditions of carriage depend entirely on the legal provisions, always taking into account: that the same rules apply if there is a written contract. unless they are restricted or cancelled by the terms of the contract.  In the absence of a written contractual agreement, the rights of the parties depend on the statutory rules or implied warranties or promises, although not express, in the context of the relationship between the shipper and the carrier.  Affreightment (freight) is a legal term used in maritime transport. .