In addition to the new reality of a Likud government in Israel, long-standing rivalries between Arab leaders have also played a role in blocking substantial progress in negotiations for a Geneva conference. In early November, Egyptian President Sadat, frustrated by the lack of movement, took a dramatic step by announcing on November 9 that he would be ready to go to Jerusalem. This step has puzzled the world. Sadat would try to break the deadlock and directly engage the Israelis in favor of a settlement on the Middle East, without any return speech at the Geneva conference. Sadat`s visit led to direct talks between Egypt and Israel in December, but these discussions did not yield substantial progress. In January 1978, the United States returned to a more important negotiating role. The agreed basis for a peaceful settlement of the conflict between Israel and its neighbours is UN Security Council Resolution 242 in all its parts. Egypt has also joined several Gulf countries in putting pressure on the Palestinians to accept a peace deal as formulated by the Trump administration, although it appears to oppose the Palestinian state and the legitimate right of return of refugees and sees Jerusalem as Israel`s unshared capital. Egyptian security agents regularly close the Rafah crossing in Gaza and destroy tunnels used by smugglers to deliver basic foodstuffs and medicine to the besieged enclave, where some two million Palestinians are located. A mechanism had yet to be put in place for Israel and Egypt to continue the talks begun by Sadat and Bégin in Jerusalem.  The Egyptian president suggested to Bégin that Israel insinuates a secret representative at the US embassy in Cairo. With the American “cover”, only the American ambassador in Cairo would know the true identity of the Israeli who would come into contact between the Egyptian and Israeli leaders.
 President Sadat`s efforts have been controversial in the Arab world; The head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Yasser Arafat, for example, criticized the agreement and, as you know, said, “Let them sign whatever they want. False peace will not last. The Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty (Arabic: عاهدةالسلالاصاررية الإاائيلية, Mu`āhadat as-Salām al-Misrīyah al-`Isrā`īlīyah; Hebrew: הסכםהשלוםביןי410ראללצרים, Heskem HaShalom bein Yisrael LeMitzrayim) was on the 26th. March 1979 in Washington, D.C. United States signed under the 1978 Camp David Agreement. The Egypt-Israel treaty was signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Bégin and was attested by US President Jimmy Carter.  While the conclusion of the Camp David Agreement was a considerable step forward, the process of translating the framework documents into a formal peace treaty proved discouraging. As at the summit, Carter`s hopes of making rapid progress were high, and the president hoped that a text of the treaty would be finalized in a few days. . .