Fifteen invigorating groups assisted in the arrest of Yandaba, who committed crimes, rapes and assaults on young women. In areas where Yandaba was most famous, community-vigilante groups such as Mandawari, Warure, Jakara, Satatima and Goron-Dutse (Dawakin Tofa, 1994: 66) were formed. They often clashed violently with rival gangs from different communities, which often led to the collapse of law and order. Yandaba uses local weapons such as knives, daggers, cutlasses and swords. As early as 1983, the Kano Penal Code (Declaration of Unlawful Societies) banned Yandaba: a security guard is someone who takes charge of prosecutions. In the 1830s, vigilance committees were formed in the South to deter blacks and abolitionists from opposing slavery. The countries of the North have set up their own vigilance committees to help runaway slaves. On the west coast, in 1851, a guard committee was formed on the Barbary Coast. In 1860, the members were appointed by the Spanish guards. 11Uniform vigilant groups conduct markets, control traffic and network between them to control crime. Their patrols are carried out jointly with the police against criminals.
This strategy is to facilitate the arrest of offenders without necessarily being involved in the fight or murder of suspects before they are prosecuted. 6 In order to legalize and officially acknowledge their activities, vigilant groups were registered with the Ministry of State for Rural Development and Community in Kano as part of the 1987 self-help drafting. Every year, vigilant groups renew their registrations with local government development departments. Among the objectives and objectives of the vigilante groups defined in Article 4 of the Constitution are: 23 KanoVigilante Groups have funding problems and rely heavily on donations from individuals and governments. In the local government of Kano Municipal, a total of 30,000.00 N per month was given to all vigilant groups in the local government. In 2001, the Kano State Government donated a bus and released funds for maintenance.