The power-sharing deal, signed in the Saudi capital of Riyadh last fall, sets the stage to end a long-running rivalry between Yemen`s Saudi-backed government and the Emirati-backed southern separatists. The agreement was never implemented. The Yemeni peace process refers to proposals and negotiations to pacify the crisis in Yemen through the organization of a power transfer programme within the country and subsequent attempts at a ceasefire in the context of the civil war. Although reconciliation efforts were initially unsuccessful, they resulted in presidential elections in Yemen in February 2012. The violence in Yemen, however, continued during the elections and after, culminating in Houthi successful grip of power and the ensuing civil war. Viet Nam`s representative said it is high time to help doctors and humanitarian workers in helping the Yemeni people fight COVID-19. He expressed regret that WHO has ordered its staff to end operations in Houthi-controlled areas. He noted that only $455 million of the $2 billion needed for UN operations in Yemen has been received to date and called on the parties to agree on an immediate ceasefire and called for full implementation of the Stockholm and Riyadh agreements. After months of tensions, often at the root of armed conflict, separatists in southern Yemen announced they were abandoning their self-management efforts to implement a stalled peace agreement with the government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. Khalid bin Salman, Saudi Arabia`s vice minister of defense, said that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman`s “efforts have succeeded” to implement the Riyadh deal “and achieve lasting peace, security, and prosperity for Yemen.” He made no mention of the fighting between the Saudi-led coalition and the Houthis.
While it seems unlikely that the agreement will be a step towards lasting peace, a vague prospect of a solution was welcome, given that Yemen`s devastated health sector is facing a major coronavirus epidemic and the country is facing a severe shortage of humanitarian aid, which has forced 75% of UN programmes to halt or reduce operations. The representative of the United States echoed that point, expressing solidarity with the Yemeni people`s struggle to survive conflict, food insecurity, devastating floods and now COVID-19. Welcoming the extension of the unilateral ceasefire of the Saudi-led coalition in support of the UN peace process, she urged the Houthis to join the Yemeni government in ending its offensive operations.